Logic Gates

Logic gates are physical components in a circuit that control the flow of a signal by implementing a boolean function, processing a signal to binary information. Logic gates are foundational in logic circuits, or in any electronic circuit process that involves digital to analogue signal conversion, or the flow of digital information.

The RS components range offers semiconductor logic gates from leading brands, with input/output configurations to suit the demands of your digital circuit.

Types of Logic Gate

Logic gates have distinct logic functions. The most common of these are known as basic gates. These include:

• AND Gates. This gate has multiple inputs that are processed to a single signal depending on the
positive combination of high signals in the inputs. It will only produce a high signal if both inputs register as high. (e.g two ones will result in a one, otherwise it will have an output of zero.)

• OR Gates. Like the AND gate, an OR gate has multiple inputs and a single output. In this case, it does not require a positive combination of one signals, but will implement logical produce a high signal if one or all of the inputs are high. (e.g a one and a zero, or two ones, may produce a high signal, but two zeros will produce zeros.)

• NOT Gates. Also known as inverters, the NOT gates will process the signal as the opposite of its value (eg. a one will invert as a zero, and a zero will invert as a 1.)

There are also combined function logic gates that modify typical functions with an inversion.

• NAND Gate. Unlike an AND gate, NAND will process two high signals as a zero and all other combinations as a one.

• NOR Gate. Unlike an OR gate, this will produce a one if the inputs register a zero signal in any combination, rather than a high signal.

• Buffer Gate. A buffer logic gate behaves in the opposite manner of a NOT gate, in that it passes a signal unchanged from input to output.

There are also logic gates referred to as Exclusive Gates.

• XNOR (EX-NOR) Gate. These gates process a high signal if all input signals are true, e.g: if there are two one signals or two zero signals.

• XOR Gate. Unlike an XNOR, XOR performs exclusive dis-junction, which means it will only output a true signal if exactly one of the inputs are true.

Applications

As CPUs employ binary logic, logic gates are essentially the building blocks of computers. As such they can be found in many kinds of digital circuits. Though their essential functions remain unchanged, their implementations are many.

• Encoders
• Decoders
• Multiplexers
• Demultiplexers
• Full adders
• Half adders

...
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Description Price Logic Function Mounting Type Number of Elements Number of Inputs per Gate Schmitt Trigger Input Package Type Pin Count Logic Family Input Type Maximum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum High Level Output Current Maximum Propagation Delay Time @ Maximum CL Minimum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum Low Level Output Current
RS stock no. 146-0914
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G32GV,125
BrandNexperia
R 0.735
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
OR Surface Mount 1 2 No SC-74A 5 LVC TTL 5.5 V -32mA 7 ns @ 50 pF 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 816-8779
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G32GV,125
BrandNexperia
R 1.36
Each (In a Pack of 100)
units
OR Surface Mount 1 2 No SC-74A 5 LVC TTL 5.5 V -32mA 7 ns @ 50 pF 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 526-234
Mfr. Part No.SN74HC00D
R 5.882
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 15 ns @ 6 V, 18 ns @ 4.5 V, 90 ns @ 2 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS stock no. 168-4861
Mfr. Part No.SN74HC00DR
R 1.342
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 15 ns @ 6 V, 18 ns @ 4.5 V, 90 ns @ 2 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS stock no. 527-384
Mfr. Part No.SN74HC00DR
R 4.498
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
NAND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HC - 6 V -5.2mA 15 ns @ 6 V, 18 ns @ 4.5 V, 90 ns @ 2 V 2 V 5.2mA
RS stock no. 806-3995
Mfr. Part No.MC74VHC1G09DTT1G
R 1.54
Each (On a Tape of 100)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSOP 5 VHC CMOS 5.5 V - 16.5 ns @ 50 pF 2 V 8mA
RS stock no. 660-7225
Mfr. Part No.74LVC2G132DCTR
R 8.464
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NAND Surface Mount 2 2 Yes SSOP 8 LVC Schmitt Trigger 5.5 V -32mA 5 ns @ 5 V, 6 ns @ 3.3 V 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 145-4039
Mfr. Part No.MC74VHC1G09DTT1G
R 0.934
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSOP 5 VHC CMOS 5.5 V - 16.5 ns @ 50 pF 2 V 8mA
RS stock no. 662-7715
Mfr. Part No.SN74AHC1G08DRLR
R 4.147
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No SOT-553 5 AHC - 5.5 V -8mA 7.9 ns @ 5 V, 12.3 ns @ 3.3 V 2 V 8mA
RS stock no. 162-7048
Mfr. Part No.SN74AHC1G08DRLR
R 1.689
Each (On a Reel of 4000)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No SOT-553 5 AHC - 5.5 V -8mA 7.9 ns @ 5 V, 12.3 ns @ 3.3 V 2 V 8mA
RS stock no. 121-8348
Mfr. Part No.CD4011BE
R 7.417
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
NAND Through Hole 4 2 - PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 90 ns @ 15 V, 120 ns @ 10 V, 250 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS stock no. 307-519
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS08N
R 8.61
Each
units
AND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.4mA 20 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS stock no. 526-537
Mfr. Part No.CD4011BE
R 8.165
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
NAND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 90 ns @ 15 V, 120 ns @ 10 V, 250 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS stock no. 165-8586
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G00GV,125
BrandNexperia
R 0.707
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
NAND Surface Mount 1 2 No SC-74A 5 LVC TTL 5.5 V -32mA 7.5 ns @ 50 pF 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 816-8744
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G00GV,125
BrandNexperia
R 1.28
Each (In a Pack of 100)
units
NAND Surface Mount 1 2 No SC-74A 5 LVC TTL 5.5 V -32mA 7.5 ns @ 50 pF 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 510-308
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G00GW,125
BrandNexperia
R 0.779
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
NAND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 LVC - 5.5 V -32mA - 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 166-1442
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G00GW,125
BrandNexperia
R 0.71
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
NAND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 LVC - 5.5 V -32mA - 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 166-2802
Mfr. Part No.NC7WP08K8X
R 3.106
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
AND Surface Mount 2 2 No US 8 TinyLogic ULP CMOS 3.6 V -2.6mA 46.3ns 0.9 V 2.6mA
RS stock no. 145-7413
Mfr. Part No.SN74LVC1G97DBVR
R 1.507
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Multifunction Surface Mount 1 3 No SOT-23 6 LVC CMOS, TTL 5.5 V -32mA 6.1 ns @ 5 V 1.65 V 32mA
RS stock no. 662-8819
Mfr. Part No.SN74LVC1G97DBVT
R 13.776
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Multifunction Surface Mount 1 3 Yes SOT-23 6 LVC Schmitt Trigger 5.5 V -32mA 5.1 ns @ 5 V, 6.3 ns @ 3.3 V 1.65 V 32mA