Bridge Rectifiers

Bridge rectifiers are discrete semiconductors as they have a single semiconductor device i.e. a diode and are the opposite of an integrated circuit semiconductor which has various devices on a single piece of semiconductor. The diode bridge circuit was invented in 1895 and Leo Graetz designed a similar circuit so they can also be known as a Graetz circuit or Graetz bridge.
A bridge rectifier is built out of 4 or more diodes that are arranged in a specific configuration: the namesake bridge. This diode bridge is able to convert an input of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), a basic function for most electronic devices. It also provides the same output polarity for either input polarity. These devices work with a two-wire AC input, have two diode drops in their design and offer full wave rectification.
Bridge Rectifiers are commonly used in power supplies that provide necessary DC voltage for the electronic components or devices and are found in various applications such as home appliances and white merchandise. Also such devices are popular with electronic hobbyists who enjoy constructing circuits.
Rectifiers are usually classified into single phase and three phase, and then split again into uncontrolled, half controlled and full controlled rectifiers. They come in various package and mounting types including screw mount, surface mount and through hole.
Advantages of Bridge rectifiers
• A high peak inverse voltage (PIV) which is ideal for high voltage applications
• A high transformer utilisation factor
• Constructed with or without a transformer – does not need a centre tap transformer
Disadvantages of bridge rectifiers
• More expensive than other rectifiers as it requires four diodes
• Not ideal when a small voltage is required to be rectified
Since bridge rectifiers are discrete devices, some of them need to be purchased along with other devices to achieve the desired functionality for which they are intended. For some engineering needs, the ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable.

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Description Price Bridge Type Peak Average Forward Current Peak Reverse Repetitive Voltage Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Diode Technology Diode Type Configuration Peak Non-Repetitive Forward Surge Current Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Peak Forward Voltage Peak Reverse Current
RS stock no. 165-2556
Mfr. Part No.VS-26MB120A
BrandVishay
R 106.249
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Single Phase 25A 1200V Screw Mount D 34 4 Silicon Junction - Single 420A +150 °C -55 °C 1.11V 10µA
RS stock no. 227-8693
Mfr. Part No.VS-26MB120A
BrandVishay
R 131.89
Each
units
Single Phase 25A 1200V Screw Mount D 34 4 - - Single 420A +150 °C -55 °C 1.11V 10µA
RS stock no. 812-2230
Mfr. Part No.GBL01-E3/51
BrandVishay
R 17.065
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 4A 100V Through Hole GBL 4 - - Single 150A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS stock no. 165-7098
Mfr. Part No.GBL01-E3/51
BrandVishay
R 13.602
Each (In a Box of 400)
units
Single Phase 4A 100V Through Hole GBL 4 Silicon Junction - Single 150A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS stock no. 227-8873
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT120
BrandVishay
R 210.85
Each
units
Three Phase 35A 1200V Through Hole D 63 5 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA
RS stock no. 165-2537
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT120
BrandVishay
R 156.887
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Three Phase 35A 1200V Through Hole D 63 5 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA
RS stock no. 227-8889
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT160
BrandVishay
R 238.07
Each
units
Three Phase 35A 1600V Through Hole D 63 5 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA
RS stock no. 145-1772
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT160
BrandVishay
R 176.387
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Three Phase 35A 1600V Through Hole D 63 5 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA
RS stock no. 395-2752
Mfr. Part No.VS-1KAB100E
BrandVishay
R 37.96
Each
units
Single Phase 1.2A 1000V Through Hole D 38 4 - - Single 52A +150 °C -40 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS stock no. 169-5897
Mfr. Part No.VS-1KAB100E
BrandVishay
R 14.548
Each (In a Bag of 500)
units
Single Phase 1.2A 1000V Through Hole D 38 4 Silicon Junction - Single 52A +150 °C -40 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS stock no. 629-0186
Mfr. Part No.GBPC2502-E4/51
BrandVishay
R 67.52
Each
units
Single Phase 25A 200V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 169-5781
Mfr. Part No.VS-160MT160KPBF
BrandVishay
R 1,045.496
Each (In a Box of 15)
units
Three Phase 200A 1600V Panel Mount INT-A-PAK 6 Silicon Junction - Single 1.5kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.49V 10mA
RS stock no. 165-2344
Mfr. Part No.GBPC2502-E4/51
BrandVishay
R 44.535
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 25A 200V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 515-5559
Mfr. Part No.GBPC15005-E4/51
BrandVishay
R 89.95
Each
units
Single Phase 15A 50V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 300-278
Mfr. Part No.VS-160MT160KPBF
BrandVishay
R 1,148.58
Each
units
Three Phase 200A 1600V Panel Mount INT-A-PAK 6 Silicon Junction - Single 1.5kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.49V 10mA
RS stock no. 165-2338
Mfr. Part No.GBPC15005-E4
BrandVishay
R 42.05
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 15A 50V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 395-4332
Mfr. Part No.VS-GBPC3502A
BrandVishay
R 104.41
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 200V Screw Mount GBPC-A 4 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 178-0911
Mfr. Part No.VS-GBPC3502A
BrandVishay
R 50.142
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 200V Screw Mount GBPC-A 4 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS stock no. 227-8845
Mfr. Part No.VS-26MT120
BrandVishay
R 277.55
Each
units
Three Phase 25A 1200V Through Hole D 63 5 - - Single 375A +150 °C -55 °C 1.26V 200µA
RS stock no. 165-2544
Mfr. Part No.VS-26MT120
BrandVishay
R 232.28
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Three Phase 25A 1200V Through Hole D 63 5 Silicon Junction - Single 375A +150 °C -55 °C 1.26V 200µA